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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) was launched in 2015 to encourage and promote skill development in the country by providing free short duration skill training and incentivizing this by providing monetary rewards to youth for skill certification. The overall idea is to boost both industry and employability of youths. During its pilot phase in 2015-16, 19.85 lakh candidates were trained.

After the successful implementation of pilot PMKVY (2015-16), PMKVY 2016-20 was launched by scaling up both in terms of Sector and Geography and by greater alignment with other missions of Government of India like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat, etc. The Scheme is aligned to Common Cost Norms and has a total budgetary outlay of Rs 12000 Crores.


Objectives of PMKVY 2016-20


  • Enable and mobilize a large number of youths to take up industry designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood.

  • Increase productivity of the existing work force, and align skill training with the actual needs of the country.

  • Encourage standard dictation of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills.

  • Benefit 10 million youth over the period of four years (2016- 2020).


Key Components of the Scheme


  1. Short Term Training (STT) - The Short-Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centers (TCs) is aimed towards the candidates who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Duration of the training varies according to the job role, however, majority of courses range between 200-600 hrs. (2 – 6 months). The Training is provided according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) with Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy curriculum, a part of the curriculum. Upon successful completion of their assessment and certification, candidates are provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs).

  2. Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) - Individuals with prior learning experience or skills are assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the NSQF. The duration of the training/orientation ranges between 12-80 hrs

  3. Special Projects - Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages to encourage trainings in special areas and premises of Government bodies, corporates / industry bodies and trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs).These are the projects which may require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short-Term Training under PMKVY.


The scheme is being implemented through two components:

  1. Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM): This component is implemented by National Skill Development Corporation. 75% of the PMKVY 2016-20 funds and corresponding physical targets have been allocated under CSCM.

  2. Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM): This component is implemented by State Governments through State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs). 25% of the PMKVY 2016-20 funds and corresponding physical targets have been allocated under CSSM.

For more details kindly refer to

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